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SUNA VESHA

'Suna' means 'Gold' and 'Vesha' means 'Attire'. Suna Vesha ritual is observed on the day after the return of the Deities from Gundicha Temple, the 11th day of the bright fortnight in Asadha. On this day, during evening the three deities are decorated with gold jewelry on their respective chariots. The gold is stored at the temple's bhandara ghar (treasury). The bhandara mekap priests (store in-charge), guarded by armed police men and temple officials, brought the required amount of gold from the bhandara ghar before one hour and handed them over to the puspalaka and daitapati priests on the chariots. The daitapati priests are responsible to decorate the Deitie's body with gold jewelry. Millions of devotees come to Puri to witness the Suna Besha ritual with great devotion.

Suna Vesha of Lord Balabhadra
Suna Vesha of Lord Balabhadra
Suna Vesha of Goddess Subhadra
Suna Vesha of Goddess Subhadra
Suna Vesha of Lord Jagannath
Suna Vesha of Lord Jagannath

All the three deities are decorated with gold ornaments. Lord Jagannath and Balabhadra appear with hands and feet made of gold. Lord Jagannath holds a gold Chakra(disc) in his right hand and a silver conch in the left hand. Lord Balabhadra appears holding a gold plough in the left hand and a gold mace in the right hand.

The following ornaments are used to decorate the Deities in Suna Vesha:

  • Suna Hasta - Golden Hand
  • Suna Payar - Golden feet
  • Suna Mukuta - Golden Crown
  • Suna Mayur Chandrika - A golden peacock feather used by Lord Jagannath as Sri Krishna head piece
  • Suna Chulapati - A golden ornament worn traditionally on the forehead to increase the beauty of the face
  • Suna Kundal - Golden earring of hanging round ball type
  • Suna Rahurekha - A half square shaped golden aura around the face of the deities
  • Suna Mala - Necklaces with Several Design made of gold. These include:
    • Padma Mala - Lotus Shaped
    • Sevati Mala - Shaped Like Small Sun Flower
    • Agasti Mala - Moon Shaped flower design
    • Kadamba Mala - Kadamba Flower Design (Round ball shape)
    • Kante Mala - Big Gold Beads Design
    • Mayur Mala - Shaped in Peacock feathers
    • Champa Mala - Shaped liked Yellow champa Flower
  • Suna Chakra - Golden Wheel
  • Suna Gada - Golden bludgeon
  • Suna Padma - Golden lotus
  • Rupa Sankha - A silver conch

Suna Mukuta - Golden Crown
Suna Mukuta - Golden Crown
Suna Hasta - Golden Hand
Suna Hasta - Golden Hand

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